The Indian Principle of Kanyadaan

A common Hindu marriage is incredibly elaborate and follows many traditions and rituals, which are incredibly symbolic and critical to the relationship ceremony. No matter if it is a Kannada, Bengali or Gujarati Vivaah, there are many obligatory rituals in for a wedding day in the Hindu faith. These rituals hold enormous significance and have a deeply rooted which means in the modern society.

The rituals of the Hindu wedding ceremony ceremony usually several days prior to the actual wedding day ceremony. Whilst a Hindu matrimony is spiritual and steeped in custom, the concept of Kanyadaan, will make the ceremony rather psychological as effectively. Throughout this ritual, a father fingers more than all his rights and duties to his daughter to her groom, signifying that she is no longer a element of her father’s family.

This means of Kanyadaan

On the marriage ceremony day, the overall marriage ceremony last lasts for many hrs thanks to several small and massive customs that have to be carried out since they’re viewed as very good luck in establishing a marriage. Between all the critical rituals done all through a marriage, kanyadaan is the most important and important ritual. the word kanyadaan literary indicates gifting away a virgin girl the term is basically a compound of two different words – ‘kanya’ and ‘daan’. Kanya interprets as a virgin daughter and Daan denotes donation.

The Ritual

The ritual of kanyadaan is carried out right just before the phere, or the 7 rounds around the sacred fireplace. Kanyadaan is a ritual in which the bride’s father gives her away to her new husband, who is deemed to be a kind of Lord Vishnu, at the time of relationship. As a pre-problem for giving his daughter to the groom for relationship, the bride’s father asks the groom to promise to aid her in obtaining a few critical targets of the life – dharma, artha, and kama. To convey he accepts the phrases, the groom touches the bride’s ideal shoulder as a symbol of his assure to acquire treatment of her and shoulder her responsibility.

The ritual of kanyadaan is thought of to be a quite pious, auspicious and dutiful ritual which offers good fortune and atonement from the sins of the bride’s mothers and fathers. It is deemed to be a route to achieve moksha or salvation in the afterlife.


In the ritual of kanyadaan, irrespective of its locale in the course of India, the bride’s mothers and fathers, commonly her father or an elderly male relative ‘give’ custody of their daughter to the groom by positioning the bride’s correct hand in the groom’s ideal hand. This sub-ritual is referred to as Hastamilap, which pretty much means joining hands. This entire approach takes place even though clergymen recite sacred verses.

In a Marathi vivaah, the curtain separating the bride and groom is then eliminated and then the couple exchange flower garlands. When the father of the bride provides absent his daughter to the groom, the monks presiding more than the ceremony or the household elders place a white cotton thread encircling the couple’s shoulders to protect them from evil omens. Then, the bride and the groom shower every single other with rice. This ritual is a image of couple’s bond and really like in the course of the matrimonial alliance. The groom retains the bride’s hand and the recently married couple can take vows to enjoy, be loyal, care for, and secure every single other all over their lives.

In dominant Hindu religion, in accordance to the holy text “The Rules of Manu”, “one of the ten paths to achieve moksha or enlightenment in Hinduism is kanyadaan, the act of offering a virgin bride to the groom together with monetary and/or other presents that is recognised as dakhshina or dowry”. Consequently in any Hindu marriage, the ritual of Kanyadaan is of supreme significance.

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